Simple Present ( Grammar – Rules – Exercises )

When we talk about different verb tenses, we have to talk about how to form the simple present tense, as well as when we use it. Therefore, in this lesson, as in the other lessons on verb tenses, we will see its structure and use.

When do we use present simple ?

  • The simple present is used to talk about things that usually happen.
  • It is used to talk about generalities or scientific facts
  • It is used for events scheduled in the near future.
  • It is used for instructions (in imperative).

Be careful! The “simple present” is not used to talk about what is happening at this moment.

Simple Present Tense Rules

  • To conjugate the present simple we use the infinitive for the subjects “I”, “you”, “we” and “they” and for the third persons “he”, “she” and “it”, we add a “-s” to the end of the verb.

Example:
I write
you write
he writes
she writes
it writes
we write
you write
they write

  • For a few verbs, the third-person singular ends with -es instead of -s. Typically, these are verbs whose root form ends in o, ch, sh, th, ss, gh, or z

Example:
I do
you do
he does
she does
it does
we do
you do
they do

  • If the verb ends in Y and before the letter Y there is a consonant, we change the Y and use IES

Example:
I study
you study
he sdudies
she studies
it studies
we study
you study
they study

  • Modal verbs, such as can, may, might or must, never have an -s added. They stay the same.

Example:
I can
you can
he can
she can
it can
we can
you can
they can

Present Simple Structure

YOU CAN PRACTICE ON THIS THEME WITH THE EXERCISE ON THE THIRD PERSON OF THE SINGULAR. 

+ How to Make the Simple Present Affimative

The formula for making a simple present verb affimative is: Subject +verb + Complement.

Subject Verb Complement
I eat a pizza.
You go to the cinema.
He watches  his favorite TV program at night.
She learns english.
It cleans alone.
We work today.
You travel to Brazil.
They run in the park.

How to Make the Simple Present Negative

The formula for making a simple present verb negative is: Subject +do/does + not + verb + complement. You can also use the contraction don’t or doesn’t instead of do not or does not.

Subject Do-not / Does-not Verb Complement
I do not eat a pizza.
You do not go to the cinema.
He does not watch TV.
She does not learn english.
It does not clean alone.
We do not work today.
You do not travel to Brazil.
They do not run in the park.

? How to Make the Simple Present Questions

The formula for making a simple present verb questions is: Do/Does + Subject + verb + complement.

Do/Does Subject Verb Complement ?
Do I eat a pizza?
Do You go to the cinema
Does He watch TV?
Does She learn english?
Does It clean alone?
Do We work today?
Do You travel to Brazil?
Do They run in the park?

20 sentences in simple present tense

  1. She reads the newspaper every day. 
  2. We come to school by bus. 
  3. You work very hard. 
  4. She likes to sit  in the sun. 
  5. We play in the park every day.
  6. He watches his son in the park.
  7. We always try to arrive on time.
  8. He always walks to school.
  9. She does the work of two people. 
  10. The dog chases the cat all around the house.
  11. Mr. Green works with my uncle.
  12. They always play tennis on Sundays.
  13. He studies for his English class.
  14. We eat together every day.
  15. She attends church every day.
  16. I speak several foreign languages.
  17. She eats in the cafeteria every day.
  18. She goes there twice a week.
  19. He teaches mathematics.
  20. We go to the movies every weekend. 

Present Simple Worksheet

Dowload – PDF worksheets